CRCAO member - China Team

Daniela Campo

Associate professor, University of Strasbourg


As a sinologist and historian (Ph.D. in East-Asian Studies, École Pratique des Hautes Études, 2011), my research focuses on the evolution of institutions and practices of Chinese Buddhism, and of the Chan school in particular, in the twentieth century. I am especially interested in the links between the reconfiguration of Buddhism and the birth of a « modern Chinese Buddhism » at the end of the Qing and the Republican period on the one hand, and the reconstruction of Buddhism in the post-Maoist period and up to the present day on the other. Most of my work combines the analysis of textual sources with fieldwork.

Research thematics

  • Religious biographies and autobiographies, and the relationship between hagiographical writing and the formation of religious leadership.
  • The evolution of institutions (Dharma lineages, monastic regulations and education) and practices (meditation techniques and teaching strategies) of Chinese Buddhism in the twentieth century.
  • The transmission of religious knowledge from the Republican period to post-Maoist China through the case study of Dajinshan 大金山 Chan female Monastery in Jiangxi.
  • The emergence of the new genre of religious instructions styled kaishi 開示.

Publications (HAL Archive Ouverte)

  • Daniela Campo. “La méthode du kan huatou dans le bouddhisme chinois du XXe siècle”. Revue de l'histoire des religions, 2022, Numéro spécial 'La méditation bouddhique et son acculturation en Asie' dirigé par Kim Kyong-Kon, 239 (4), pp.697-716. ⟨halshs-04006959⟩
  • Daniela Campo. "Female Education in a Chan Public Monastery in China: The Jiangxi Dajinshan Buddhist Academy for Nuns". Religions, 2022, Gender Asymmetry and Nuns’ Agency in the Asian Buddhist Traditions, 13 (11), pp.1020. ⟨10.3390/rel13111020⟩. ⟨halshs-04006973⟩
  • Daniela Campo. “Imposing the rules: reform and rebellion at Gushan Yongquan Monastery in the 1930s”. Studies in Chinese Religions, 2017, 3 (2), pp.142-174. ⟨halshs-01655841⟩
  • Daniela Campo. "A different Buddhist revival: the promotion of Vinaya (jielü 戒律) in Republican China". Journal of Global Buddhism, 2017, Special Issue ‘Buddhists and the Making of Modern Chinese Societies’ edited by F. Tarocco, 18, pp.129-154. ⟨halshs-01655827⟩
  • Daniela Campo. «Xuyun chanshi (yue 1864-1959) yu qi gaoling shenhua de jiangou 虚云禅师(约1864-1959)与其高龄神话的建构». 汉语佛学评论, 2014, Gong Juan 龚隽、Lin Zhenguo 林镇国、Yao Zhihua 姚治华, 第四辑 (民国佛教学), pp.271-289. ⟨halshs-01444542⟩
  • Daniela Campo. « La question de l’âge du maître Chan Xuyun ». Études Chinoises, 2012, 31 (1), pp.81-93. ⟨halshs-01444527⟩
  • Daniela Campo. «Sei Discorsi (Fayu) del maestro Xuyun (1840-1959). Considerazioni sulla lingua della scuola buddhista Chan in epoca moderna». Annali di Ca' Foscari. Serie orientale, 2003, XLII (3), pp.273-301. ⟨halshs-00703188⟩
  • Daniela Campo, Emmanuel Kreis, Christophe Monnot, Sara Teinturier. Religion et violence en contexte de modernité. Cahiers d'Études du Religieux. Recherches Interdisplinaires- CERRI, 19, 2018. ⟨halshs-04007005⟩
  • Daniela Campo, Ester Bianchi. “Take the Vinaya as Your Master”. Monastic Discipline and Practices in Modern Chinese Buddhism. Brill, 2023. ⟨hal-04007976⟩
  • Daniela Campo, Ester Bianchi, Maurizio Paolillo. Quali altre parole vi aspettate che aggiunga? Scritti in memoria di Alfredo M. Cadonna a cura di. Ca’Foscari, 2022, 978-88-6969-641-1. ⟨10.30687/978-88-6969-640-4⟩. ⟨halshs-04007035⟩
  • Daniela Campo, Ji Zhe, Qiyuan Wang 王启元. Ershi shiji zhongguo fojiao de liangci fuxing 二十世纪中国佛教的两次复兴. Fudan daxue chubanshe, 2016. ⟨halshs-04013122⟩
  • Daniela Campo. La construction de la sainteté dans la Chine moderne : la vie du maître bouddhiste Xuyun. Les Belles Lettres, 2013. ⟨halshs-01444569⟩
  • Daniela Campo. “Buddhist Monastic Regulations in Contemporary China: Adapting the Rules to a Changing Social and Political Context”. Ester Bianchi and Daniela Campo. “Take Vinaya as Your Master”: Monastic Discipline and Practices in Modern Chinese Buddhism, Brill, pp.255-293, 2023. ⟨hal-04007970⟩
  • Daniela Campo. Istruzioni del maestro Chan Laiguo 來果 (1881-1953) sulla tecnica di meditazione del kan huatou 看話頭 (penetrare la frase critica). Ester Bianchi, Daniela Campo e Maurizio Paolillo. 'Quali altre parole vi aspettate che aggiunga?' Scritti in memoria di Alfredo M. Cadonna, Edizioni Ca’Foscari, 2022, ⟨10.30687/978-88-6969-640-4/003⟩. ⟨halshs-04006984⟩
  • Daniela Campo. “Chinese Buddhism in the post-Mao era: Preserving and Reinventing the Received Tradition”. Stephan Feuchtwang. Handbook on Religion in China, Edward Elgar Publishing, pp.255-280, 2020. ⟨halshs-04006767⟩
  • Daniela Campo, Vincent Goossaert. Les sciences sociales du religieux et le cas chinois. Jean Baubérot, Philippe Portier et Jean-Paul Willaime. La Sécularisation en question. Religions et laïcités au prisme des sciences sociales, Classiques Garnier, pp.633-645, 2019, ⟨10.15122/isbn.978-2-406-09735-8.p.0633⟩. ⟨halshs-04006636⟩
  • Daniela Campo. “Bridging the gap: Chan and Tiantai Dharma lineages from Republican to post-Mao China”. Ji Zhe, Gareth Fisher, and André Laliberté. Buddhism after Mao: Negotiations, Continuities, and Reinventions, University of Hawai’i Press, pp.123-151, 2019. ⟨halshs-04006738⟩
  • Daniela Campo. «Chan Master Xuyun: The Embodiment of an Ideal, the Transmission of a Model». David Ownby, Vincent Goossaert and Ji Zhe. Making Saints in Modern China, Oxford University Press, pp.99-136, 2016. ⟨halshs-01444512⟩
  • Daniela Campo. «Minguo shiqi de jielü fuxing chushen 民国时期的戒律复兴初探». Ji Zhe 汲喆, Daniela Campo (田水晶), Wang Qiyuan 王启元 (eds.). Ershi shiji zhongguo fojiao de liangci fuxing 二十世纪中国佛教的两次复兴, Fudan daxue chubanshe, pp.133-148, 2016. ⟨halshs-01444521⟩
  • Daniela Campo. «Disciplina monastica e moderate aperture. Una nuova prospettiva sul revival buddhista di epoca repubblicana (1912-1949)». Magda Abbiati e Federico Greselin. Il liuto e i libri: Studi in onore di Mario Sabattini, Cafoscarina, pp.125-136, 2014. ⟨halshs-01444458⟩
  • Daniela Campo. «Biografia del maestro Miaoxin Foyuan (1922/23- ), monaco eminente della Cina contemporanea». Paolo De Troia. La Cina e il mondo, Edizione Nuova Cultura, pp.383-393, 2010. ⟨halshs-01444431⟩
  • Daniela Campo. «Il confronto tra le scuole Chan e Jingtu nel ventesimo secolo: la posizione del maestro Xuyun (1840-1959)». Laura de Giorgi e Guido Samarani. Percorsi della civiltà cinese fra passato e presente, Libreria Editrice Cafoscarina, pp.101-118, 2007. ⟨halshs-01444442⟩
  • Daniela Campo. “Il medesimo Chan per un’altra Cina? Il caso del maestro buddhista Xuyun (1840-1959)”. A. Palermo. La Cina e l’Altro, Il Torcoliere, 2007. ⟨hal-04013134⟩
  • Daniela Campo. «Eventi straordinari nell’autobiografia del maestro Chan Xuyun (1840-1959): l’incontro con Manjushri e la simbologia dell’acqua». M. Scarpari, T. Lippiello (ed.). Cher Maître.. Scritti in onore di Lionello Lanciotti per l'ottantesimo compleanno, Libreria Editrice Cafoscarina, pp.225-238, 2005. ⟨halshs-00703192⟩
  • Daniela Campo. "Xuyun". Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion, 2022, ⟨halshs-04006780⟩
  • Daniela Campo. Review of Gregory Adam Scott, Building the Buddhist Revival: Reconstructing Monasteries in Modern China. H-Buddhism, H-Net Reviews, 2022, ⟨halshs-04006569⟩
  • Daniela Campo. Compte rendu de Ji Zhe, Religion, modernité et temporalité. Une sociologie du bouddhisme chan contemporain. Études Chinoises, vol. 38, n. 1 & 2, 2019, pp.429-433. ⟨hal-04031067⟩
  • Daniela Campo. Compte rendu de Ter Haar, Barend J., Practicing Scripture: a Lay Buddhist Movement in Late Imperial China. 2016. ⟨halshs-01655805⟩
  • Daniela Campo. Review of McGuire, Beverley Foulks, Living Karma: The Religious Practices of Ouyi Zhixu. H-Buddhism, H-Net Reviews, 2015, ⟨halshs-01444455⟩