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Nicolas FIEVE

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Nicolas FIEVE

Director of CRCAO

Professor

École Pratique des Hautes Études

Department of the Historical and Philological Sciences

nicolas.fieve@ephe.sorbonne.fr

nicolas.fieve@college-de-france.fr

Research Themes

- History of 17th century Japanese architecture and gardens. The extraordinary wealth amassed by the powerful lords during the Edo period enabled the relentless construction of palaces, country villas, parks and gardens dotted with innumerable teahouses. As patrons of the imperial family’s palaces and gardens, the lords and military government initiated the development of palace architecture on a scale unprecedented since ancient times. These palaces, whose construction was dictated by political necessity, the quest for personal pleasure and the fashion of the moment, served to hold receptions and parties in honour of the illustrious of the day.

- History of Kyoto’s urbanism. The study of the architecture and cities of ancient, medieval and modern Japan from the perspective of the anthropology of space and based on the urban and landscape development of Japan’s ancient capital.

- Mutations in landscape of the Japanese city. The relationship between the city and green spaces. The question of urban landscape –in the broad sense, including the vast body of cultural heritage : edifices, parks and gardens—in the development and modernisation of many cities today. Historically speaking, the urban landscape of many cities in Japan, with the exception of the three ancient capitals of Kyôto, Nara and Kamakura, has not been as extensively preserved as it has in the West. The epistemological investigation I propose to conduct aims at analysing the different ways of defining and protecting the urban landscape as well as its foundations and dynamics in contemporary society. The main focus is on the relation between architecture/garden and city/natural environment as physical expressions of man’s relationship to nature.

Major Publications

Works

- L’architecture et la ville du Japon ancien. Espace architectural de la ville de Kyôto et des résidences shôgunales aux XIVe et XVe siècles [Architecture and the city in ancient Japan. Architectural space of Kyoto and the Shoguns’ mansions throughout the 14th and 15th centuries], coll. Bibliothèque de l’Institut des Hautes Études Japonaises du Collège de France, Maisonneuve & Larose, Paris, 1996, 358 pages + 102 illustrations.
Book available for purchase at
http://www.amazon.fr/Larchitecture-...

Collective works

- Nicolas Fiévé and Benoît Jacquet (eds.), Vers une modernité architecturale et paysagère. Modèles et savoirs partagés entre le Japon et le monde occidental [Towards modernity in architecture and landscape. Models and shared Knowledge between Japan and the West], coll. Bibliothèque de l’Institut des Hautes Études Japonaises du Collège de France, Paris, Collège de France, 2013, 333 pages.
Book available for purchase at :
http://www.unitheque.com/Livre/coll...

- Nicolas Fiévé (ed.), Atlas historique de Kyôto. Analyse spatiale des systèmes de mémoire d’une ville, de son architecture et de ses paysages urbains. [Historical Atlas of Kyōto. Spatial analysis of the memory systems of a city, its architecture and urban landscape] Foreward by Kôichirô Matsuura, Preface by Jacques Gernet, UNESCO / Éditions de l’Amateur, Paris, 2008, 528 pages, 207 maps and 210 illustrations.
Book available for purchase at :
http://www.amazon.co.uk/Atlas-histo...

- Nicolas Fiévé and Sekiko Matsuzaki-Petitmengin (eds.), Collection Kreitmann. L’aube du Japon moderne, vue par un officier français au cours des années 1876-1878 [The Kreitmann Collection. The dawn of modern Japan as witnessed by a French officer in the years 1876-1878]. ルイ・クレットマンコレクション—フランス士官が見た近代日本のあけぼの, Nihon toshokan kyôkai, I.R.D. shup­pansha, Tôkyô, 2005, 298 pages + 269 photos (bilingual edition).
Book available for purchase at :
http://www.ird-kikaku.co.jp/Ird_H04...

- Nicolas Fiévé and Paul Waley (eds.), Japanese Capitals in Historical Perspective : Power, Memory and Place in Kyoto, Edo and Tokyo, Routledge-Curzon Press, London, 2003, 417 pages + 75 illustrations (reprint in paperback, 2006).
Book available for purchase at :
http://www.routledge.com/books/deta...

Recent Articles

- « La topographie légendaire de l’ermitage de Katsura. Renaissance aristocratique et paysagère dans le Japon du XVIIe siècle » [The legendary topography of the hermitage of Katsura. Aristocratic and Renaissance landscape in the seventeenth century Japan], Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie, Paris, Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, Librairie De Boccard, Fascicule 2013-IV, 2015, p. 1741-1771.

- « La représentation de mondes en miniature dans l’architecture et les jardins japonais » [The representation of miniature worlds in the architecture and the Japanese Gardens], dans Benoît Jacquet et al. (dir.), Dispositifs et notions de l’architecture japonaise, Lausanne, Presses de l’Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 2014, p. 53-78.

- « Les manuscrits médiévaux sur l’art des jardins » [“Medieval manuscripts on the art of gardens”], in Michel Vieillard-Baron, Cécile Sakai and Daniel Struve (eds.), Les rameaux noués, mélanges offerts à Jacqueline Pigeot, Bibliothèque de l’Institut des Hautes Etudes Japonaises du Collège de France, Collège de France, Paris, 2013, 127-151.

- « Les sources japonaises des premiers ouvrages publiés en Europe et aux États-Unis sur les jardins japonais [Japanese sources of the first books on Japanese gardens published in the United States] : Landscape Gardening in Japan (1893), by Josiah Conder ; The Gardens of Japan (1928), by Harada Jirô ; The Art of Landscape Gardens in Japan (1935), by Tamura Tsuyoshi », in Nicolas Fiévé and Benoît Jacquet (eds.), Vers une modernité architecturale et paysagère. Modèles et savoirs partagés entre le Japon et le monde occidental, Bibliothèque de l’Institut des Hautes Etudes Japonaises, Collège de France, Paris, 2013, 19-48.

- Co-author with Benoît Jacquet, « De l’architecture et du paysage : échanges artistiques et intellectuels entre l’Europe, les États-Unis et le Japon” [“On architecture and landscape : artistic and intellectual exchanges between Europe, the United States and Japan”], in Nicolas Fiévé and Benoît Jacquet (eds.), Vers une modernité architecturale et paysagère. Modèles et savoirs partagés entre le Japon et le monde occidental, Bibliothèque de l’Institut des Hautes Etudes Japonaises, Collège de France, Paris, 2013, 1-17.

- « Les jardins paysagers des seigneurs domaniaux de l’époque d’Edo et les manuels relatifs à la composition des jardins. Première partie : Des manuels de paysage médiévaux aux parcs paysagers pré-modernes » [“Landscape gardens of the domain Lords in the Edo Period and manuals on landscape gardening. Part one : from medieval manuals on landscape to pre-modern landscape parks”], Revue du paysage. Revue scientifique sur le projet et l’aménagement du paysage, n° 8, 2012.
To read this article click here : http://www.projetsdepaysage.fr/fr/a...

- « Les jardins paysagers des seigneurs domaniaux de l’époque d’Edo et les manuels relatifs à la composition des jardins. Seconde partie : L’apparition de la figure de l’architecte-paysagiste et la transmission du savoir à travers les manuels imprimés » [“Landscape gardens of the domain Lords in the Edo period and manuals on Garden design. Part two : the emergence of the landscape architect and the printed book as a means of transmitting knowledge”], Revue du paysage. Revue scientifique sur le projet et l’aménagement du paysage, n° 8, 2012.
To read this article click here : http://www.projetsdepaysage.fr/fr/a...

For a complete bibliography, click on the link at the bottom of this page.

Bibliography

Lectures at the EPHE

History of the architecture and gardens of pre-modern Japan (17th-19th century), Chairholder, École Pratique des Hautes Études, section 6 :

- 2013-2014 programme, "The folding screen of the Shugakuin’s country villa (17th century)"

- 2012-2013 programme, "Imperial retreats and Shugakuin’s country villa (17th century)"
Summary of the seminar :http://ashp.revues.org/1647


- 2011-2012 programme, "Following the domain lords : the great landscape gardens of the Edo period. Part two : Katsura’s imperial villa and garden. Building techniques in the 17th century"
Summary of the seminar :
http://ashp.revues.org/1535

- 2010-2011 programme, "In the steps of the domain lords : the great landscape gardens of the Edo period. Part one : The domain lords, new patrons of art and gardens".
Summary of the seminar :http://ashp.revues.org/1372

- 2008-2009 programme, "Urbanism and urban landscape of Kyoto, the imperial capital. Part one : origins of urban landscape"
Summary of the seminar : http://ashp.revues.org/1066

- 2007-2008 Programme, "Architecture of palaces and gardens in Kyoto in the 16th and 17th centuries"
Summary of the seminar : http://ashp.revues.org/899

Thesis supervision

Link : http://www.ephe.sorbonne.fr/annuair...


News conferences, presentations & invitations


International Workshop
« JAPAN’S MODERN ELITES. Translators, doctors, Engineers, and Architectes », organized by Nicolas Fiévé (EPHE, CRCAO) & Aleksandra Kobiljski (CNRS, CCJ), EHESS, 4 June 2015

INVITATION OF PROFESSOR TAJI TAKAHIRO (Kyoto University). Mars 2015 (CRCAO, Paris).
Theme of Prof. Taji’s conferences : "The reception of modern European architecture in Japan (1910-1930)".


- 1. (9 March 2015) "The architect, historian and theorist Horiguchi Sutemi (1895-1984) : the houses of the Amsterdam School and the waka poetry".
- 2. (16 March 2015) "The screen of "The Autumn Grasses" painted by Tawaraya Sôtatsu (17th c.) and its perception by the Japanese architect Horiguchi Sutemi (1895-19984) and the French art historian Louis Gonse (1848-1921)".

Villa Okada (Horiguchi arch., 1933)


- 3. (23 March 2015) "The architect and theorist Morita Keiichi (1895-1983) and Paul Valery’s (1871-1945) Eupalinos et l’architecte (1921)".
- 4. (30 mars 2015) "The architect and theorist Morita Keiichi (1895-1983) and Wilhelm Worringer’s (1881-1965) Formprobleme der Gothik (1911)".


CA’ FOSCARI UNIVERSITY OF VENICE, INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE « RETHINKING NATURE IN CONTEM-PORARY JAPAN : FACING THE CRISIS »,
2 & 3 March 2015(Venice, Italy).
Keynote speech, N. Fiévé : « A Critical History of Japanese Housing from the Perspective of the Human-Nature Relationship ».

Massimo Raveri (Ca’Foscari U.) & Nicolas Fiévé (EPHE, CRCAO)





INVITATION OF PROFESSOR WYBE KUITERT (Seoul National Universitty).
26 January 2015 (CRCAO, Paris).
Prof. Kuitert conference’s title : "Landscaped parks in Tokugawa Japan (17th-18th C.)".

M. & Mrs Kuitert (Seoul U.), N. Fiévé (EPHE, CRCAO), A. Gournay (Paris IV-Sorbonne U.)




ACCADEMIA AMBROSIANA
CLASSE DI STUDI SULL’ESTREMO ORIENTE - VII DIES ACADEMICUS,
23 & 24 Ocober 2014 (Milano, Italy).
N. Fiévé conference’s title : "Legendary landscape of the Katsura Villa : Through the Hachijô Princes’ Japanese and Chinese Poems".

A. Tollini (Ca’Foscari U.), N. Fiévé (EPHE, CRCAO), C. Filippini (U. degli Studi di Milano) et F. Mazzei (Orientale di Napoli)




ACADÉMIE DES INSCRIPTIONS ET BELLES-LETTRES.
15 December 2013 (Paris, France).
N. Fiévé conference’s title : "La topographie légendaire de l’ermitage de Katsura. Renaissance aristocratique et paysagère dans le Japon du 17e siècle" [The legendary topography of the hermitage of Katsura. Aristocratic and Renaissance landscape in the seventeenth century Japan].

COLLÈGE DE FRANCE.
INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM "MUTATIONS PAYSAGÈRES ET PATRIMONIALES DE LA VILLE JAPONAISE", 24 & 25 October 2013 (Paris, France).
N. Fiévé conference’s title : "Natural Landscape’s Preservation in Kyoto".


MAISON DE L’ASIE, CENTRE D’ÉTUDES CORÉENNES DE L’EHESS, INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE : "CAPITAL TOWNS OF THE COREAN WORLD", 13 September 2013 (Paris, France).

N. Fiévé conference’s title : "Patrimoine et patrimonialisation à Kyôto : la préservation des paysages urbains".


UNIVERSIDADE DE ÉVORA.
CICLO DE CONFERÊNCIAS INTER-NACIONAL "LIVROS SOBRE ARTE DES JARDINS : DIÁLOGOS SOBRE IDEIAS DE JARDINS", 12 June 2013 (Évora, Portugal).
N. Fiévé conference’s title : "The Japanese Sources related to the first texts published in Western language on the Japanese gardens".


INVITATION OF PROFESSOR INAGA SHIGEMI (International Research Center for Japanese Studies). May and June 2013 (CRCAO, Paris).
Theme of Prof. Inaga’s conferences : "History of architecture in Japan : For aspects of the Histoire de l’architecture du Japon : four aspects of cultural transfert".


- 1. (13 May 2013) "The Ise Shrine as a model of architectural metabolism".
- 2. (27 May 2013) "Rahmenlosigkeit in Japanese architecture".
- 3. (28 May 2013) "Meiji Shrine : a modern invention of the architectural tradition".
- 4. (3 June 2013) : "In search of the vocabulary of Japanese spatiality : cross-cultural experiences - Isamu Noguchi (1904-1988) and Yagi Kazuo (1918-1979)".

MEIJI JINGÛ.
SYMPOSIUM "PRESERVATION AND RESTORATION OF CULTURAL ASSETS", 18 novembre 2012 (Tokyo, Japan).
N. Fiévé conference’s title : "The concepts of "Historical Monument" in France and "Cultural Property" in Japan".

M. Yamauchi en train de restaurer les peintures d’une pagode





PALAZZO PITTI-FLORENCE NUMBER ONE.
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE "IL GIAPPONE E L’EUROPA NELL’ETÀ MODERNA. STORIA DI UNA RECIPROCA SCOPERTA", 22 June 2012 (Firenze, Italy).
N. Fiévé conference’s title : "Exhibition of Paintings and Pieces of Art in the Reception Rooms of the Japanese palaces, during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries".

INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH CENTER FOR JAPANESE STUDIES.
COLLOQUE INTERNATIONAL "JAPANESE SPATIALITY", 12 et 13 mai 2012 (Kyoto, Japan).
N. Fiévé conference’s title : "Niwa, shinden-zukuri, shinden, sansui. Reflections on some concepts related to the gardens of ancient Japan".

OCHANOMIZU NATIONAL UNIVERSITY.
INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM : "RECEPTION AND DISSEMINATION IN THE WEST OF THE JAPANESE ARCHITECTURAL SPACE AND LANDSCAPE DESIGN", 4 July 2010 (Tokyo, Japan).
N. Fiévé conference’s title : "[Japanese sources of the first books on Japanese gardens published in the United States] : Landscape Gardening in Japan (1893), by Josiah Conder ; The Gardens of Japan (1928), by Harada Jirô ; The Art of Landscape Gardens in Japan (1935), by Tamura Tsuyoshi".
From left to right : Motooka N. (Ochanomizu U.), N. Fiévé (EPHE, CRCAO), Taji T. (Kyoto U.), B. Jacquet (EFEO, CRCAO), K. Oshima (U. of Washington), Uchiyama N. (Ochanomizu U.), Y. Gloaguen (EPHE, CRCAO). {JPEG}

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