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Marianne BUJARD

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Professor, EPHE

Research Themes

- Ancient Chinese religion. My current research centres on the development and dynamics of the imperial cult and worship in sacred shrines, as well as the quest for immortality and individual religious practices, with a particular focus on social and historical aspects. I base my study on traditional, literary and historical sources as well as on epigraphy and manuscripts on silk, wood or bamboo, and, whenever possible, other elements, such as the geography of the sites in question, archaeological vestiges, figurative representations and oral tradition.

- Temples and steles of Beijing. Following in the steps of Professor Kristofer Schipper, the programme Epigraphie et mémoire orale des temples de Pékin - Histoire sociale d’une capitale d’empire [Epigraphy and memory of the temples of Peking, the social history of the imperial capital], conducted since 2003 by the Ecole Française d’Extrême-Orient, aims at an analysis of Peking’s urban society in relation to its religious institutions and associations. A complete survey of the temples and steles located in the northern part or so-called «Tatar quarter » of Beijing (over 1500 edifices and 560 inscriptions) is progressively being compiled and published (11 volumes expected). The survey of each temple is accompanied by an explanatory note drawing on literary sources, epigraphy, imperial and Republican archives and on-site investigation; the publication also includes reproductions/rubbings and re-transcription of the steles’ inscriptions, as well as old and recent photographs of the buildings.

- The Temples of the Forbidden City Following an agreement with the Palace Museum Research Centre for Tibetan Buddhist Heritage, a research programme on the temples of the Forbidden City was initiated in 2013. Four researchers from the above-mentioned centre, under the supervision of Professor Luo Wenhua, are working on assembling the documentation required for the publication of a work devoted to the 70 or so shrines of the Forbidden city, which, for the most part, are connected to Tibetan Buddhism, though they also include several temples belonging to the Taoist and Confucian traditions. This programme is conducted in close collaboration with Françoise Wang-Toutain, Research Director at the CNRS.

Major Publications


Le sacrifice au ciel dans la Chine ancienne : théorie et pratique sous les Han Occidentaux, Paris, EFEO, Monographie 187, 2000, 264 p.

Yaoshan shengmu miao yu shenshe (Le culte de la Dame du Yaoshan), Programme « Hydraulique et société en Chine du Nord », Pékin, Zhonghua shuju, 2003, 382 p. + 16 planches (avec Qin Jianming).

Beijing neicheng simiao beikezhi (Temples et stèles de Pékin), Pékin, Guojia tushuguan chubanshe (Bibliothèque nationale de Chine), 2011, vol. 1 et 2, 930 p. (avec Dong Xiaoping).

Beijing neicheng simiao beikezhi (Temples et stèles de Pékin), Pékin, Guojia tushuguan chubanshe (Bibliothèque nationale de Chine), 2013, vol. 3, 479 p.

Chapters in works

« State and Local Cults in Han Religion », in John Lagerwey, Marc Kalinowski ed., Early Chinese Religion, Part One: Shang through Han (1250 BC-220AD), Leiden, Boston, Brill, 2008, p. 777-811.

« Cultes d’État et cultes locaux dans la religion des Han », dans Religion et société dans la Chine ancienne et médiévale, sous la dir. de John Lagerwey, Paris, Les éditions du Cerf, 2009, p. 305-337.

« Daybooks in Qin and Han Religion » (110 000 signes), in Donald Harper et Marc Kalinowski éd., Popular Culture and Books of Fate in Early China. The Daybook Manuscripts (rishu) of the Warring States, Qin and Han, (à paraître en 2014).


« La vie de Dong Zhongshu : Enigmes et hypothèses », Journal Asiatique, t. CCLXXX, n° 1-2, 1992, p. 145-217.

« Le culte du Joyau de Chen : culte historique, culte vivant », Cahiers d’Extrême-Asie, 10, 1998, p. 131-181.

« Célébration et promotion des cultes locaux, six stèles des Han Orientaux », Bulletin de l’École française d’Extrême-Orient, 87, 2000, p. 247-266.

« Le culte de Wangzi Qiao ou la longue carrière d’un immortel », Études chinoises, 17, printemps-automne 1999, p. 115-158.

« Mémoire des temples, mémoire de pierre, aperçu de l’épigraphie religieuse de Pékin », Perspectives chinoises, 2007, 4, p. 22-30 (avec Ju Xi).

« Inventaire des temples de Pékin (1750-1949) : épigraphie, archives et enquêtes de terrain », Revue de l’histoire des religions, 2010, 4, p. 663-682.

« Construction, organisation et histoire du territoire liturgique de la Dame du Yaoshan », BEFEO, 99, 2012-2013, p. 228-293.

Current Lectures

History of religion and thought in ancient China: pantheon and administration of the after world in Han China (206 BC-220 AD)

Temples and steles of Peking: readings of the incriptions of Huguosi Temple (13th-18th century).

Bibliographie Marianne BUjard
Epigraphy and Oral Sources. A Social History of an Imperial Capital